Big Q CMOs: The new pressures faced by today’s CMOs
by MarkLives (@marklives) Is there a new C-suite executive on the horizon? Is it time to redefine the role of the CMO, possibly by agreeing that the roles of CMO and CTO are aligning and need some level of collaboration? And can this result in more-effective growth strategies for organisations? We asked a panel of key industry executives for their take. Next up is Luca Gallarelli of Ogilvy & Mather Cape Town.
Once tasked with managing communications and brand, the modern CMO’s role has been expanding to include technology, data and impact (ie sales and the bottom line). Where this is not the case, anecdotal evidence suggests shorter tenures, and a loss of prominence and clout at board level.
Luca Gallarelli (@Gallarelli) is the managing director at Ogilvy Cape Town and is fast-approaching his fourth year in the role. Prior to this, he served in other senior executive roles including deputy managing director, head of account management and business director. His 15 years at Ogilvy are punctuated only by three years at The Jupiter Drawing Room (Cape Town). His interest in the industry was galvanised during a postgrad at the AAA School, which was preceded by a computer science undergrad, at the time a seemingly irreconcilable set of qualifications. Little did he know at the time how valuable this grounding in technology would be in preparing him for today.
First, a confession
Every advertising agency leader is acutely conscious of the tectonic shifts in the industry over the past two decades. The damned earth won’t stop moving for us as we constantly grapple with disruptive technology and disturbing media-consumption patterns. We’ve been staring down the barrel at our own mortality, wrestling with our roles and adapting furiously — and, I believe, we’ve done that pretty successfully so far.
Arguably what we’ve not been understanding enough of is the implications of all of this for our clients, and the CMOs especially. How has their role in their respective organisations changed and what are the new pressures they are being forced to confront on a daily basis?
The new pressures
First, we need to accept that the role of the CMO of today is wholly different from that of the marketing director of days past.
Once the custodian of brand value and the levers that helped to drive that, the CMO of today has entered the age of accountability in a dramatic way, more and more responsible for delivering not only significant efficiencies but compelled to show effectiveness, engagement and ROI in the context of changing technologies.
The data they have to measure is vaster and more complex. The budget pressures are more absolute and CEOs are not prepared to simply defer to the marketing professional’s instinct or the old “we know half of our advertising works; we’re just not sure which half” maxim. The room for whimsical or creative or bold maneuverings has been closed down.
On top of this, there are three dominant dilemmas burdening CMOs:
- The first is the problem of ‘exponential efficiency’. In other words, the ever-increasing expectation from CEOs and CFOs that marketing should be more and more efficient and a critical driver of commercial growth.
- The second is untangling the ‘complexity conundrum’. This refers to the problem that has emerged where the more specialised marketing gets, the more difficult marketing becomes to implement because of the gridlock caused by multiple agencies across different disciplines.
- The third is the ‘deluge of data’ and the problem of information overload, which inhibits action, clarity of thought, and decision-making.
The real danger for marketers is that they become distracted from their real challenges. Too many marketers are sucked into spending too much of their precious time justifying their budgets, managing in-sourced resources and people, refereeing multi-agency processes and endlessly dissecting the data, rather than working to advance the brand conceptually.
The real work of modern-day marketers should still be measured in the value they add to the business by building superior customer experiences, and nurturing powerful and distinctive brands.
Contrary to many incorrect predictions and assumptions, brands still matter an enormous amount and the best CMOs understand their mandate to build more and more distinctive brands and that this requires communication that is both relevant and unexpected.
The CMO remains the custodian of the brand in the most-important way: defining what it means, what sets it apart and how will it resonate. We often talk about the north star. The CMO must be that kind of guiding light — determining what the brand does and doesn’t represent; deciding which agency (or agencies) can best deliver on that; and (the most-difficult part) being open to changing the brand, if necessary.
These are all key conceptual judgments — informed by data, yes, but not determined by it.
The Rubik’s cube
Somebody famous, whom I’ve now forgotten, once said, “Some companies plan years ahead, some for the next quarter, and some for right now… the best do all three.” That pretty much sums up the three horizons in the modern CMO’s role:
Focusing on today (the immediate horizon)
Staying on top of a world of always-on conversations, engagement and influence enabled by technology. Being part of culture. Being tactical; being in the social feeds. Ensuring day-to-day accuracy, inspiration, rigour and responsiveness. These, often, require the management of crises.
Focusing on the quarter (the medium-term horizon)
Developing campaign-based interventions that drive excitement and value, and get the feet in store and stock out of the store. This is about driving sales and getting results.
Focusing on years ahead (the long-term horizon)
Building purpose. Ensuring sustainability. Driving long-term brand salience. Making a brand part of the lexicon. Making a brand famous. Marketers need to ensure that everything done in the short- and medium-term is part of the long-term whole, which builds brand value.
This is a tough task and CMOs are entitled to demand that their agencies work with them in ways that make it easier. They should expect responses that orientate themselves towards the CMO’s realities and challenges.
We have to accept that everything, especially agency time, requires justification, explanation and outcomes in the required format for the company’s budget beast. We have to find ways to demonstrate that what we do (or want to do) warrants investment and delivers results. And we have to deliver the kind of work which elevates the brand in ways that builds trust at C-suite level in the CMO.
So I suppose the question really is not how the role of the CMO has changed but how have we shifted to meet the new challenges those CMOs face?
- Big Q CMOs: Modern CMOs must market beyond digital boundaries — Leeya Hendricks
- Big Q CMOs: Marketers operate in a very-complex environment — Masego Motsogi
- Big Q CMOs: Is there any more room in the C-suite? — Wendy Bergsteedt, Yegs Ramiah & Glenn Gillis
- Big Q CMOs: The changing role of the CMO — Bandile Ndzishe
- Big Q CMOs: Changing CMO role an opportunity for agencies — Johanna McDowell
- Big Q CMOs: The CMO’s role in today’s technically advanced world — Prakash Patel
Launched in 2016, “The Big Q” is a regular column on MarkLives in which we ask key industry execs for their thoughts on relevant issues facing the ad industry. If you’d like to be part of our pool of potential panellists, please contact editor Herman Manson via email (2mark at marklives dot com) or Twitter (@marklives). Suggestions for questions are also welcomed.